New York, 25 MARCH 2019: Treaty negotiations to conserve and protect nearly two-thirds of the ocean reconvene today at the United Nations (UN) with countries set to begin work towards a first draft text over the coming fortnight.The two-week Intergovernmental Conference (IGC) is the second of four negotiating sessions aimed at sealing a new legally binding treaty to protect marine biodiversity in areas beyond national jurisdiction, commonly known as the high seas. The negotiations are widely regarded as the greatest opportunity in a generation to turn the tide on ocean degradation and biodiversity loss and follow over a decade of discussions at the UN.
El espacio sideral siempre ha cautivado nuestras mentes, pero las profundidades marítimas, aquí mismo en la Tierra, siguen, en gran medida, sin explorar. Doce personas han pisado la superficie lunar, pero sólo tres han surcado las profundidades del océano. La alta mar ocupa la mitad de la superficie del planeta y no tiene ley; ningún país tiene jurisdicción sobre ella. A medida que los avances tecnológicos abren esta última frontera a la exploración, los científicos están comprobando que no es el páramo que una vez pensamos que era—muy al contrario, rebosa vida, el tipo de vida que se ha adaptado de manera extraña pero maravillosa a la supervivencia rodeada de bajas temperaturas, la falta de luz solar y unas presiones altísimas.
After a successful first Intergovernmental Conference (IGC) to begin formal negotiations on a new international legally binding instrument under the UN Convention of the Law of the Sea for the conservation and sustainable use of marine biological diversity in areas beyond national jurisdiction (BBNJ), the second session of formal treaty negotiations will take place at UN headquarters in New York City from 25 March – 5 April.
As negotiations for a historic high seas ocean treaty continues, High Seas Alliance members have been organizing a number of meetings and events with governments and regional groups to discuss what a new high seas ocean treaty might include.
In late February, Foreign Affairs Peru, Foreign Affairs Colombia and HSA members (AIDA, MarViva Foundation, Global Fishing Watch, IUCN, and the Pew Charitable Trusts, among others) organized the Science Tour “Towards the Negotiation of a New Instrument for the Conservation and Sustainable Use of Marine Biodiversity in Areas Beyond National Jurisdiction.”
Greenpeace is urging governments at the UN to create a strong Global Ocean Treaty which could pave the way for the protection of at least 30% of the world’s oceans by 2030 via a network of ocean sanctuaries. Over the next 12 months, Greenpeace will sail from the Arctic to the Antarctic, undertaking ground-breaking research and investigations, and using what we find to inspire millions around the world to join us in supporting healthy oceans and a strong Global Ocean Treaty by 2020. Ahead of the second Intergovernmental Conference, Greenpeace has been engaging with decision makers in more than 20 capitals worldwide. Our political team will also be heading to New York. Greenpeace’s briefing to the IGC2 offers recommendations for improved text on Marine Protected Areas.
Government representatives from over 30 States around the world will convene in Lisbon, (5-6 March 2019) at the invitation of the Portuguese government. Bringing together national and international negotiators, scholars, and policy experts, the meeting is designed to help find solutions to outstanding areas of concern around the establishment of a new high seas biodiversity treaty, negotiations for which will continue at the United Nations (UN) later in March.
Source: TRT World
The High Seas are a vast expanse of water and home to 90 percent of marine life but are largely unregulated. Fishing, research, deep-sea mining – all can take place at the expense of the environment. Now the United Nations has launched negotiations for an international treaty to protect the oceans.
The main business of the first meeting of the Intergovernmental Conference (IGC) concluded with applause on Friday, September 14 and closing remarks by the President of the Conference Ambassador Rena Lee of Singapore. There was a palpable sense of optimism in the room, as it was evident that there is a clear path towards a treaty to protect the high seas.