UN treaty negotiations to conserve and protect nearly two thirds of the ocean re-convene today (19 August 2019), in what is widely regarded as the greatest opportunity in a generation to turn the tide on ocean degradation and biodiversity loss.
HSA in the News
Source: RFI – Las Voces Del Mundo
Por Silvia Celi
Las negociaciones sobre un tratado vinculante para conservar y proteger casi dos tercios del océano se reanudaron este lunes en la sede de las Naciones Unidas (ONU), en Nueva York. Los distintos países comenzaron a trabajar para lograr un primer borrador de texto en los próximos quince días.
New York, 25 MARCH 2019: Treaty negotiations to conserve and protect nearly two-thirds of the ocean reconvene today at the United Nations (UN) with countries set to begin work towards a first draft text over the coming fortnight.The two-week Intergovernmental Conference (IGC) is the second of four negotiating sessions aimed at sealing a new legally binding treaty to protect marine biodiversity in areas beyond national jurisdiction, commonly known as the high seas. The negotiations are widely regarded as the greatest opportunity in a generation to turn the tide on ocean degradation and biodiversity loss and follow over a decade of discussions at the UN.
El espacio sideral siempre ha cautivado nuestras mentes, pero las profundidades marítimas, aquí mismo en la Tierra, siguen, en gran medida, sin explorar. Doce personas han pisado la superficie lunar, pero sólo tres han surcado las profundidades del océano. La alta mar ocupa la mitad de la superficie del planeta y no tiene ley; ningún país tiene jurisdicción sobre ella. A medida que los avances tecnológicos abren esta última frontera a la exploración, los científicos están comprobando que no es el páramo que una vez pensamos que era—muy al contrario, rebosa vida, el tipo de vida que se ha adaptado de manera extraña pero maravillosa a la supervivencia rodeada de bajas temperaturas, la falta de luz solar y unas presiones altísimas.
After a successful first Intergovernmental Conference (IGC) to begin formal negotiations on a new international legally binding instrument under the UN Convention of the Law of the Sea for the conservation and sustainable use of marine biological diversity in areas beyond national jurisdiction (BBNJ), the second session of formal treaty negotiations will take place at UN headquarters in New York City from 25 March – 5 April.
Government representatives from over 30 States around the world will convene in Lisbon, (5-6 March 2019) at the invitation of the Portuguese government. Bringing together national and international negotiators, scholars, and policy experts, the meeting is designed to help find solutions to outstanding areas of concern around the establishment of a new high seas biodiversity treaty, negotiations for which will continue at the United Nations (UN) later in March.
The main business of the first meeting of the Intergovernmental Conference (IGC) concluded with applause on Friday, September 14 and closing remarks by the President of the Conference Ambassador Rena Lee of Singapore. There was a palpable sense of optimism in the room, as it was evident that there is a clear path towards a treaty to protect the high seas.
Author: Matt McGrath
The first significant steps towards legally protecting the high seas are to take place at the UN in New York.
These waters, defined as the open ocean far from coastlines, are threatened by deep-sea mining, over-fishing and the patenting of marine genetic resources.
The 24th Session of the International Seabed Authority (ISA) took place from 5-9 March (the Council), and 16-26 July 2018 Council and Assembly) in Kingston, Jamaica. The main topics for Council (the 36 members elected by the Assembly representing different interest groups), plus observers were the draft regulations on deep seabed mining, models for a financial payment system, issues of non-compliance of contractors, and possible operationalization of the Enterprise. The Assembly, the body representing all UNCLOS States Parties, considered a strategic plan for 2019-2023, the Secretary General’s Annual Report, and the proposed budget. Observers present included IUCN (Kristina Gjerde), Deep Sea Conservation Coalition (DSCC) (Matt Gianni and Duncan Currie), Deep Ocean Science Initiative (DOSI) (Lisa Levin, Adrian Glover, Diva Amon, Anna Mataxas) and the Pew Charitable Trust (Conn Nugent, Glynnis (Winnie) Roberts, and Megan Mjungwiwattanaporn). Earth Negotiations Bulletin (ENB) was present and made daily reports, as well as an excellent summary report.